Energy is not made for the sake of the energy production. In industrialized countries the main part of the developed energy is the share of the industry, transport, heating and cooling of buildings. In many recently executed researches it is shown that modern level of consumption of energy in industrially developed camps can be significantly reduced due to application of energy saving technologies. So, it was calculated that if the USA would pass by production of consumer goods and in a services sector to the least power-intensive of already available technologies at the same output, the quantity coming to the atmosphere would decrease by 25%. The resulting reduction of emissions in general on the globe thus would make 7%. The similar effect would take place and in other industrialized countries. The population can reach further reduction in the rate of receipt in the atmosphere by change of structure of economy as a result of introduction of more effective methods of production of goods and improvements in the sphere of rendering of services.
Among a set of chemical elements without which existence of life on Earth is impossible, carbon is the main thing. Chemical transformations of organic substances are connected with ability of atom of carbon to form long covalent chains and rings. A biogeochemical cycle of carbon, naturally, very difficult as it includes not only functioning of all forms of life on Earth, but also transfer of inorganic substances both between various tanks of carbon, and in them. The main tanks of carbon are the atmosphere, continental biomass, including soils, the hydrosphere with a sea biota and a lithosphere. Within the last two centuries in system the atmosphere - the biosphere - the hydrosphere there are changes of streams of carbon which intensity approximately much sizes exceeds intensity of geological processes of transfer of this element. For this reason it is necessary to be limited to the analysis of interactions within this system, including soils.
Application of an irrigation sharply changes a microclimate of the irrigated fields. Because of insignificant increase in expense of heat at evaporation temperature of a terrestrial surface that leads to fall of temperature and increase of relative humidity of the lower layer of air decreases. Nevertheless such change of the meteorological mode quickly fades outside the irrigated fields therefore the irrigation leads only to changes of local climate and influences meteorological processes of big scale a little.